Frequently Asked Questions


What are your fees?

Appointments are booked for 60 minute blocks for individual sessions, and my fee is $180. Sessions are usually 50 minutes face to face with 10 minutes for administrative time at the end. Couples are booked for 90 minutes and are $270 per session. Please note I have a strict no show/late cancellation fee of $180 should there not be 24 hours notice.

How do I book or change a session time?

Sessions can be scheduled, changed, or cancelled by clicking the "Book Appointment" button at the top of this web page. You will need to use your email to create a password to log in. You can also send me an email at Please give me at least 24 hours notice to cancel or reschedule to avoid you having to pay a late cancellation/no show fee.

What is Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)?

EMDR is an evidence-based therapy approach which is thought to activate the problem solving process, and enhance a client's ability to make links between experiences. An upsetting event is revisited as if watching it like scenery as a passenger on a train. Desensitization and processing occurs, eventually allowing the client to think about the upsetting event with no or little disturbance, as well as form new insight into the situation.

Think of the brain as having many filing cabinets with memories in them. Each cabinet is categorized so when the brain accesses the stored information it knows how to respond the next time an even slightly similar situation happens. These filing cabinets essentially form our worldview. Whenever a memory is made, the brain puts it in a folder and assigns it to an appropriate filing cabinet. How we perceive others to behave when we are a child is also contained in these folders, as well as our thought, feelings, and body response. As we get older and add to our experiences, memory folders evolve as they are reassessed, updated, and put back into the appropriate filing cabinets.

When trauma happens, a filing cabinet is created and then locked. This does not allow the brain to process experiences, or let memories evolve into appropriate instructions for future situations. EMDR unlocks the trauma cabinet and helps to create or find an appropriate unlocked cabinet, so the memories can be processed and have freedom to evolve in the future.

EMDR processing involves movement of eyes, tapping on knees, or holding hand buzzers while focusing on a specific thought, feeling, or body memory sensation.

In addition to EMDR, what other modalities do you use?

I'm primarily an EMDR therapist however, my toolbox includes elements of attachment and family systems theory, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Narrative Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), positive psychology, ego states, sand tray, and the Adaptive Information Processing (AIP) model.

Your experience in therapy could involve talking, mindfulness exercises, play, or worksheets.

How do I attend an online session via video e-counselling?

Shortly before the start of your online session you will receive an email with instructions and the link for your online session.